Get Details on Callus Causes, Symptoms & Treatments
Calluses form due to an accumulation of dead skin cells that harden and thicken over an area of the foot. A callus serves as a defense mechanism that protects the foot from excessive pressure and friction. Calluses most often occur on the ball-of-the-foot, the heel, and/or the inside of the big toe.
Causes of Calluses
A condition known as Intractable Plantar Keratosis creates calluses with a deep seated core known as nucleation. This type of callus may be especially painful to pressure. Other common causes of calluses include:
- Excessive pressure at specific areas of the foot
- High-heeled dress shoes
- Shoes that are too small
- Abnormal walking motion
- Flat feet
- High arched feet
- Bony prominences
- Loss of the fat pad at the bottom of the foot
Callus Treatments and Recommended Products
Do not try to treat a callus by cutting or trimming it with a razor blade or knife. This may worsen your condition and result in unnecessary injury. Diabetics especially should never try to treat a callus this way. Your doctor may recommend:
- Trimming or cutting of the callus by a doctor
- Antibiotic medication
- Salicylic acid
- Avoid the use of high-heeled shoes
- Custom-made shoe inserts
- Surgery, only as a last resort
An orthotic, which redistributes your weight evenly, can relieve the excessive pressure that leads to callus formation. The orthotic transfers the pressure away from the ‘hot spot’ or high pressure area, allowing the callus to heal. The orthotic will absorb the shock and friction forces.
Orthofeet offers two types of orthotics proven to help with the prevention of calluses. Our BioSole-Gel self forming orthotics shape to the contours of your feet, and provide the arch support without bottoming out. They come in: thin-line, women’s dress, soft (diabetic), and sport. We also offer the Biothotic, a custom-made orthotic designed to mold to your feet. The process is fast, easy, and allows for the best fit and arch support.
The information and product suggestions on the Orthofeet.com website are not meant to diagnose, prescribe or treat any illness or disease and are strictly for informational purposes only.